James IV, King of Scotland

(1473–1513)
   By supporting Yorkist attempts to overthrow HENRY VII and the house of TUDOR, James IV contributed to the continuation of English dynastic strife in the 1490s.
   James became king in June 1488, when his father, JAMES III, was defeated and killed at Sauchieburn by a coalition of rebel magnates. Although he had associated himself with the opposition, James was shocked by his father’s murder. Nonetheless, he was neither willing nor able to pursue the policy of accommodation with England that had in part led to his father’s downfall. By 1489, James was already involved in conspiracies to restore the house of YORK. He received English agents sent from BURGUNDY by MARGARET OF YORK, the sister of EDWARD IV, and messengers from IRELAND, where Yorkist plots were common in the late 1480s. In 1491, James allowed his father’s truce with England to lapse but renewed a treaty with FRANCE that pledged him to attack England if Henry VII attacked France.
   In 1492, the Yorkist pretender Perkin WARBECK, who claimed to be Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, the younger son of Edward IV, wrote to James seeking aid. By 1495, Warbeck was in SCOTLAND, where James publicly acknowledged him as duke of York. The king even permitted his kinswoman, Katherine Gordon, to marry Warbeck, an indication that James may actually have believed Warbeck’s claims. If true, this belief did not last long, for by 1496 James was negotiating with the English. Unable to obtain satisfactory terms from Henry VII, who likely balked at any demand for the return of BERWICK, James invaded England on Warbeck’s behalf in September 1496. But Warbeck, who had agreed to restore Berwick and, if successful, to reimburse James for the cost of the campaign, could generate no support in England, and the Scottish invasion ended in failure.
   Disillusioned with Warbeck and now aware of the difficulty of displacing Henry VII, James sent the pretender from Scotland in July 1497. The king then opened a series of negotiations with Henry, which led to a seven-year truce in September 1497 and a formal treaty of peace (the first with England since 1328) in January 1502. The Treaty of Ayton committed James to marry Henry VII’s daughter, Princess Margaret, who became queen of Scotland in August 1503. It was as a result of this marriage that James VI of Scotland, the great-grandson of James IV and the great-great-grandson of Henry VII, became king of England in 1603. Although the Treaty of Ayton reduced the likelihood of Scotland again becoming a haven for Yorkist pretenders, it did not erase hundreds of years of Anglo-Scottish enmity. In 1513, James invaded England while his brother-in-law, Henry VIII, was on campaign in France. Brought to battle at Flodden on 9 September, James IV was slain on the field.
   Further Reading: Macdougall, Norman, James IV (East Lothian:Tuckwell Press, 1997).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James III, King of Scotland — (1451–1488)    Early in the reign of James III, Scottish policy toward England revolved around exploitation of the political turmoil caused by the WARS OF THE ROSES to recover the border town of BERWICK. Later in the reign, James weakened his… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • James V, King Of Scotland — (1512 1542)    Born at the Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, he succeeded his father, who was killed at the Battle of Flodden (near Berwick on Tweed) in 1513. Scotland then became caught in the grip of a power struggle between the pro French… …   British and Irish poets

  • James II, King of Scotland — (1430–1460)    As king of SCOTLAND during the early stages of political and dynastic conflict in fifteenthcentury England, James II tried to take advantage of those internal dissensions to achieve territorial gains for Scotland at England’s… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • James I, King of Scotland — (1394 1437)    The son and heir of King Robert III (reigned 1390 1406) was born in Dunfermline and educated at St. Andrews University. Fearing for his son s safety from rebel lords, the king sent James to France in 1404 5, but on the way, the… …   British and Irish poets

  • James I., King of Scotland — (1394 1437)    Poet, the third s. of Robert III., was b. at Dunfermline. In 1406 he was sent for safety and education to France, but on the voyage was taken prisoner by an English ship, and conveyed to England, where until 1824 he remained… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • James I, King Of England (VI Of Scotland) — (1566 1625)    Born at Edinburgh Castle, the son of Mary Queen of Scots and Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, he succeeded Elizabeth in 1603 as King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland (Henry VII was their common ancestor). His insistence on the… …   British and Irish poets

  • The Last King of Scotland — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Der letzte König von Schottland – In den Fängen der Macht Originaltitel: The Last King of Scotland Produktionsland: USA, GB Erscheinungsjahr: 2006 Länge: 121 Minuten Originalsprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Last King of Scotland — For the last ruling kings of Scotland, see William III of England and James I of England. For the 2006 film adaptation of the novel, see The Last King of Scotland (film). The Last King of Scotland   …   Wikipedia

  • The Last King Of Scotland — Le Dernier Roi d Écosse Le Dernier Roi d Écosse (The Last King of Scotland) est un film anglais de Kevin Macdonald, sorti en 2006. Le film est tiré du roman éponyme de Giles Foden, inspiré de faits réels. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Origine du titre 3… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Macbeth, King of Scotland — This article is about the Scottish king. For other uses, see Macbeth (disambiguation). Macbeth Imagined 19th century portrait of Macbeth King of Alba Reign 1040–1057 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.